Tick information from: http://www.tickencounter.org of the University of Rhode Island
Flea and Tick Season Is Here
Life-cycle of Ixodes scapularis(a.k.a. blacklegged or deer tick) in the northeast/mid-Atlantic/upper mid-western United States. Larval deer ticks are active in August and September but these ticks are pathogen-free. Ticks become infected with pathogens when larvae (or nymphs) take a blood meal from infectious animal hosts. Engorged larvae molt over winter and emerge in May as poppy-seed sized nymphal deer ticks. Please note that most cases of Lyme disease are transmitted from May through July, when nymphal-stage ticks are active. Adult-stage deer ticks become active in October and remain active throughout the winter whenever the ground is not frozen. Blood-engorged females survive the winter in the forest leaf litter and begin laying their 1,500 or more eggs around Memorial Day (late May). These eggs hatch in July, and the life-cycle starts again when larvae become active in August.
Click on a tick row to view larger images and more information about tick species.
Preventing tick bites is the first line of defense for keeping your pets safe. There are many different products on the market today that protect your pets from tick-transmitted diseases. The most popular tick bite prevention products are topical sprays and spot-ons. Correctly and timely applied to your pets skin, these products can greatly reduce the chances of tick bites. Products that kill on contact will keep your pet from bringing in ticks that may pose a risk to you or your family members.
|Whole body protection||Kills Ticks||Displays tick repellency activity||Kills Fleas||Water Resistant||Safe for cats||Safe for dog/cat households|
|NEXGARD for dogs
|K9 Advantix II
K9 Advantix II website
Fipronil* / Methoprene*
Advantage II website: dogs | cats
Protection Tip: Groom your pets
Grooming pets after a walk outside through the woods or trails can help protect your pet and family. Dogs and cats typically encounter many more ticks than people do. Because they have thick fur, ticks may take a while before biting a dog or cat. If your dog or cat comes into the house before the tick is attached, their ticks may latch onto you or other family members.
Ctenocephalides felis (the “cat flea”) is the predominant flea species associated with dogs and cats and one of the most widespread species on earth. Adults are about 3 mm long and laterally compressed (very thin), making them hard to see.
- Outdoor flea infestations are common
- Crawl spaces, under porches, in community areas where animals frequent
- Flea eggs can be deposited in the environment by infested opossums, raccoons, and stray dogs
- Fleas can also hitch a ride inside on pet owners’ clothing and on other untreated pets
- Pets can pick up fleas from untreated pets at public locations such as parks or pet friendly stores
- Even “truly indoor” pets can develop flea infestations
Biology and Feeding
A single flea can bite a host up to 400 times per day!
A female flea can consume up to 15 times her weight in blood daily!
Blood meals are passed as fecal material referred to as “flea dirt”
Easily identified if it turns bright red when wiped with a wet paper towel
Presence on a host is evidence of a flea infestation
Flea Allergy Dermatitis
Flea feeding exposes the dog or cat to salivary proteins from the flea that may cause inflammation (white arrow) and, consequently, allergic hypersensitivity reactions.
Flea saliva contains over 15 different allergens, each individually capable of causing an allergic reaction in a sensitive dog or cat.
The most common skin condition seen by veterinarians is Flea Allergy Dermatitis (FAD); also known as Flea Bite Hypersensitivity
Infected fleas may carry immature stages of a species of tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum)
Infection can occur if a dog or cat ingests the infected flea
Prevention and Control
An adult female flea lays 25 to 50 eggs per day and up to 2,000 eggs in her lifetime
On average fleas live 2 to 3 months but can live much longer in certain conditions
Entire life cycle can be completed in 12 to 14 days
- Attributes of flea control products to consider:
- Speed of kill
- Whether multiple stages of the flea life cycle are targeted
- Duration of efficacy
Visit our retail store this month for 15% off of any flea or tick product, including; Seresto collars, Adams Flea & Tick Spray and more